1 EXPLOITING THE BIOTECHNOLOGY POTENTIAL OF MARINE RESOURCES CONFERENCE ON EXPLORING AND UTILIZING THE RESOURCES OF THE SEA December 2011
2 A biotechnology company focused on the development and marketing of novel products and services for cartilage repair and regeneration
3 Background Spin-off of 3B s Research Group (U. Minho) focused on application of regenerative medicine to orthopaedic related conditions. Installed in the same building as the European Institute of Excellence for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine Research. Fully independent facilities, comprising: 300 m 2 of clean room (Classes B, C and D); 250 m 2 of R&D and QC laboratories. Equipped with a GMP compliant facility for the processing of human tissues and cells (2004/23/EC Directive).
4 Market Driver Aging phenomena will drive the demand for regenerative medicine for the coming decades. More than 20% of the global population by 2050 is expected to be over 60 years, but physically very active. Therapeutic challenge in the orthopaedic field will be to assure compliance between application functional requirements and actual performance of therapies. Joint market globally represents USD 13 billion, but faces a decrease in procedural volumes. Lack of disruptive technological developments within this sector demands novel combinatorial approaches for joint conditions.
5 Business Model Stemmatters operates two business models: Therapeutics Stemmatters Therapeutics targets the development of therapeutic products for osteoarticular conditions to be licensed or sold in stages of preclinical or clinical development. Stemmatters Life Banking offers innovative isolation and storage services for stem cells isolated from several tissues, which have been obtained from non dedicated harvesting procedures.
6 Our Focus Products under development New combined minimally invasive therapeutic strategies for the treatment of focal cartilage lesions, namely: Post-traumatic conditions (Outerbridge grade III); Osteochondritis dissecans of articular knee cartilage (Outerbridge grades III and IV); Focus on a new generation of degradable hydrogels optimized for encapsulation of human mesenchymal stem cells.
7 Our Focus Products under development Novel injectable viscosupplement therapies for intra-articular pathologies, namely: Osteoarthritic conditions; Focus on development of novel medical devices based on heteropolysaccharide hydrogels, exhibiting optimized thixotropic properties and improved physicochemical performance.
8 76% of all therapeutics reaching end patients were developed by companies Francis Collins, Director of the US National Institutes of Health (NIH), 2010
9 STRATEGIC ANALYSIS: Pharmaceutical Licensing Overview, Risk-aversion breeds Website: creativity as externalization intensifies, Datamonitor, Caldas das Taipas. Portugal
10 STRATEGIC ANALYSIS: Pharmaceutical Licensing Overview, Risk-aversion breeds Website: creativity as externalization intensifies, Datamonitor, Caldas das Taipas. Portugal
11 Stakeholder Opinions: Novel Therapeutic Approaches in Cardiovascular Medicine, Lack of market prospects for biologics expose an opportunity for cell and gene therapies, Datamonitor, 2008
12 Stakeholder Opinions: Novel Therapeutic Approaches in Cardiovascular Medicine, Lack of market prospects for biologics expose an opportunity for cell and gene therapies, Datamonitor, 2008
13 Facts Although the dynamics and business models of Pharma and Biotech companies differ, they both face common key challenges: Development and launch of differentiated novel products; Pressure to achieve growth and profitability targets; Reacting to context change (genericization, pricing and reimbursement and regulatory issues, R&D costs); Balancing short-term challenges against a sustainable future; Managing investor expectations;
14 STRATEGIC ANALYSIS: Pharmaceutical Licensing Overview, Risk-aversion breeds Website: creativity as externalization intensifies, Datamonitor, Caldas das Taipas. Portugal
15 Use of Natural Products in Medicine Historical perspective Folk medicine in many cultures has promoted the choice of plants and plant extracts to treat various diseases: More systematized in Chinese and Indian cultures; In Western medicine, crude extracts evolved into increasingly pure single chemical entities, providing therapies: Such as quinine (for malaria), morphine (for pain), and digoxin (for heart conditions); Synthetic modification of natural products expanded the applications: e.g. salicylic acid to aspirin; morphine to heroin; Such advances paved the way for the modern exploitation of natural sources in drug discovery: Such as pharmacological tools, medicinal chemistry leads, and clinical candidates.
16 Source: based on Harvey (2008) Areas of Dominance Historical perspective Natural products span all therapeutic areas but had a significant role in cancer and anti-infectives; 50% of anticancer drugs from have natural product origins; Most antibacterials also based on natural products, but less influence in antifungals and antivirals; Some core products in CNS (e.g. opiates) and inflammatory diseases (e.g. ipratropium bromide) based on natural products; Natural product based statins have created a vast market in cardiovascular, but otherwise metabolic diseases have been less heavily influenced.
17 Natural Compounds Available libraries The Changing Role of Natural Products in Drug Discovery, Assessment of corporate strategies, case histories, specialist companies, and the future outlook, Business Insights, 2011
18 Synthetic and Natural New Drug Applications The Changing Role of Natural Products in Drug Discovery, Assessment of corporate strategies, case histories, specialist companies, and the future outlook, Business Insights, 2011
19 FDA approval of Natural Derived Drugs (May) The Changing Role of Natural Products in Drug Discovery, Assessment of corporate strategies, case histories, specialist companies, and the future outlook, Business Insights, 2011
20 Challenges of Natural Products Limitations and disadvantages Availability and access to natural resources Quantities available Cost of harvesting Cost of purification Sustainability of resource Biological profile of extractable compounds Adequate selectivity Pharmacokinetic properties Metabolic stability Suitability of alternative synthesis processes Feasibility Scalability Cost of goods Protection of intellectual property Limited protection achievable.
21 Challenges of Marine Products Limitations and disadvantages Natural products obtained from marine sources are usually problematic: Low quantities of compound present; Lack of alternative synthetic synthesis methods. Common impossibility of sourcing large quantities of material for significant clinical studies, or even less probable commercial use. Trabectedin (Pharmamar): One gram of compound is isolated from one tonne of sea squirts; Developed an effective semi-synthetic process using an intermediate produced by fermentation of a bacterial strain.
22 Challenges of Marine Products Eribulin Complex synthetic non-peptidic chemical for treatment of metastatic breast cancer: FDA approval in November 2010; Eribulin is analog of the marine natural product halichondrin B, a polyether macrolide: Isolated from the marine sponge Halichondria okadai in 1986; Clinical investigation possible after extraction of 310 mg from a tonne of sponge; Synthetic route reported in 1992, but still unviable. Simplified derivatives offering less demanding process chemists led to identification of eribulin: Phase I started in 2003; Phase II in breast cancer patients in 2004; Phase III in 2006.
23 Different Strategies Business risk Modification of biosynthetic pathways by recombinant technology: Biotica and EntreChem. Development of formulations of plant-based therapeutics, either as pure chemical entities or as semi-purified mixtures: GW Pharma, PhyNova, PhytoPharm, PhytoPharmacon, and PhytoQuest. Exploitation and offering of access to libraries of natural products obtained from specific environments: Hypha Discovery, Magellan Biosciences, MerLion. Exploitation of marine natural products: Nereus Pharmaceuticals, PharmaMar. Failure of companies focusing on natural products development : CalBioMarine and Cerylid ran out of money. Calyx was acquired and changed strategy. Shaman opened bankrupcy.
24 Take Home Message Main conclusions Marine resources remain a untapped source of valuable active compounds; It is clear, from the increasing number of events, publications and patent applications relating to marine natural products that focus on marine natural products, is growing; The sourcing and investigation of these raw materials is being approached more systematically and effectively; The identification of many new natural products of potential interest to the pharmaceutical industry is expected; The success of these molecules will pose challenges to synthetic chemistry but these are not necessarily insurmountable; Competition from other libraries of natural compounds exists and will continue to exist, which will raise the competition level.
25 Take Home Message Challenges ahead Identification of marine resources is a specialized activity which not so many companies afford to integrate; Vertical integration of therapeutic development remains an option, but a costly and risky one; Partnerships in this area are fundamental to reduce operational leveraging and share risk; Cancer will remain the focus of therapeutic development for marine derived substances, but other areas could be of potential value; Partnering should be product focused.
26 Contacts Stemmatters, Biotechnology and Regenerative Medicine SA AVEPARK - Parque de Ciência e Tecnologia S.A. Zona Industrial da Gandra Caldas das Taipas PORTUGAL
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