1 Multicriteria Impact Assessment of the certified reference material for ethanol in water André Rauen Leonardo Ribeiro Rodnei Fagundes Dias Taiana Fortunato Araujo Taynah Lopes de Souza Inmetro / Brasil Taiana Fortunato Araújo Executive Analyst
2 Objective(s) of the study Impact Assessment of Inmetro`s R&D Project of the certified reference material (CRM) for ethanol in water used as input to the execution of the Brazilian Dry Law (to calibrate the measurement instrument-breath analyzer); Intervention analyzed: the development effort of this CRM R&D Project (as a public investment) and their introduction on the legal metrological process that results on the execution of the Brazilian Dry Law.
3 A scheme about the role of breath analyzers - Producers Production / Import Police Approval by Inmetro Commercialization Utilization in the market Drivers Scientific Metrology: CRMs Legal Metrology: Calibration and other tests Legal Metrology: Periodic verification Transport firms INMETRO
4 Applied methodology Documental analysis great effort to systematize the information about the R&D project; Qualitative methodology- multicriteria analysis- ESAC Method Two dimensions analyzed: economic and capacity-building; Dimensions Criteria Indicators Response options: Maximum positive impact High positive impact Medium positive impact Low positive impact No impact Low negative impact Medium negative impact High negative impact Maximum negative impact Qualitative Interviews with representative stakeholders of the CRM`s R&D Project - perceptions of the results/impacts/ 7 years after the R&D effort. Both dimensions analyzed (economic and capacity-building) were defined as medium-positive.
7 Impact scale Máximo positive 3,17 < x 4 Alto positive 2,28 < x 3,17 Médio positivo 1,39 < x 2,28 Baixopositivo 0,5 < x 1,39 Sem alteração 0,5 x < -0,4 Baixonegativo -0,4 < x -1,3 Médio negativo -1,3 < x -2,2 Alto negative -2,2 < x -3,1 Máximo negative -3,1 < x -4
8 Tabela 3 Desagregação da árvore de impactos da dimensão econômica Fonte: Elaboração própria. Taller Impacto de la infraestructura de Economic Dimension- Impact Tree Questão Indicador Critério Dimensão Houve variação na produtividade dos insumos físicos (água, energia etc.) utilizados nos ensaios? Houve variação na produtividade do trabalho empregado nos ensaios? Houve variação na produtividade do capital empregado nos ensaios? Houve variação no volume importado pela instituição? Houve variação no volume de receitas obtidas? Insumos físicos Trabalho Capital Importações Receitas Produtividade Dependência internacional Sustentação financeira Econômica
9 Most important results of the study R&D project achieved the objective: self-sufficiency on the production of the CRM that is used in the calibration of breath analyzers. Before development, the RM was imported (not certified!). This was an important constraint/restriction of the legal metrological process: Between January 2006 and May 2012 the national production of this CRM avoided imports of R$ 2,35 millions from other countries; Using CRM in spite of RM traceability in the legal metrology process. Knowledge and technology spillover from this first CRM developed development of many other CRMs: laboratorial infrastructure installed; learning process - new important CRMs (more than 50 types) using the same technology and used at others metrological process; calculation of Measurement Uncertainty e laboratorial comparison among National Metrology Institutes.
10 Most important results of Brazilian Dry Law According to the Brazilian Ministry of Health, hospitalizations and deaths decreased by more than 20% one year after the Dry Law entered into force; In the second half of 2008, 2,723 deaths related to traffic accidents were registered, against 3,519 registered in the same period of 2007 a reduction of 22.5%; The number of hospitalizations decreased from 105,904 to 81,359 in the same period a 23% drop in public health care to victims of traffic accidents.
11 Most important results of Brazilian Dry Law Another important issue concerns the amount of resources saved by reducing the number of accidents due to alcohol consumption: In 2009, Sao Paulo government estimated that the Dry Law provided savings of at least R$ 17 million; According to data collected in 30 hospitals, the number of traffic victims decreased 18.9%, representing 1,400 patients less per month. The Dry Law has changed, permanently, the behavior of drivers in Brazil and consequently has reduced the statistics of traffic accidents. And in the whole process, the confidence provided by Inmetro in the measurements performed by breath analyzers (including the development of CRMs used in the calibration of such instruments) has played a key role.
12 Obrigada! Muchas gracias! Thank you!