1 Cmmunity-Based Watershed Management (CBWM) 2000 Narrative Reprt Centre fr Human Settlements Schl f Cmmunity and Reginal Planning University f British Clumbia Vancuver, Canada
2 COMMUNITY-BASED WATERSHED MANAGEMENT IN SANTO ANDRÉ NARRATIVE REPORT April - December 2000 Municipality f Sant André & Centre fr Human Settlements University f British Clumbia
4 TABLE OF CONTENTS Intrductin... 1 Summary f Activities... 2 Cmments n Activities Infrmatin Cllectin and Diagnsis Frmulatin f the CBWM Framewrk Pilt Prject Training Initiatives... 6 Results... 7 Appendices Appendix 1: Training Wrkshp Appendix 2: Sant André Municipality Yuth Office Appendix 3: Strategic Planning Appendix 4: Wrkshp Materials
5 2000 Narrative Reprt 1 Intrductin This reprt utlines the activities undertaken fr the Cmmunity- Based Watershed Management in Sant André Prject (CBWM) fr the perid frm April t December During this perid, CIDA rganized a Lessns Learned Sympsium frm May 7-9, The sympsium prvided invaluable pprtunities fr the Brazilian and Canadian teams and the cllabrating institutins t exchange ideas and infrmatin. Particularly imprtant was the cnnectin established between the CBWM prject and the Health Prmtin in Actin prject, which permitted bth teams t exchange appraches t cmmunity participatin initiatives. Anther imprtant event that was pivtal t the prject, and will have lng-lasting effects, was the Cnsrci Intermunicipal s missin t Canada in March Several representatives frm the Sant André neighburing municipalities visited Ontari and British Clumbia in rder t learn mre abut hw different Canadian municipalities deal with watershed prtectin and management. This visit had an imprtant impact n the prject because it strengthened the ties and cmmitment between the municipalities t wrk tgether n the preservatin and apprpriate develpment f the watershed prtected areas in the metrplitan regin f Sã Paul. It was a majr accmplishment t create an alliance amng these cities with an agenda f sustainable urban develpment fr the sensitive areas within their territries. The data gathering cmpnent has cntinued as infrmatin (biphysical, scial and ecnmic) becmes available. As mentined in earlier reprts, infrmatin in all f these categries has cme frm varius surces and is ften incmplete r incmpatible. The activities linked t the implementatin f the pilt prject cntinue t prvide the practical hands-n experiences necessary t deal with evlving changes and adaptatins. In general, these activities have develped int pprtunities fr the teams t explre their appraches in relatin t the prject s next stage f develpment. During the perid f this reprt, the prject had t cntend with the impact f municipal pre-electins and legal limitatins n the implementatin f activities. The electins, held in Octber, invlved six mnths f restricted legal and cntractual actin; hwever, this perid was used fr detailing, revising and mnitring plans. It is imprtant t reiterate that this is a learning-by-ding prject. All the initiatives and effrts are develped as a means t reslve the cmplex issue f a watershed management plan structured n cmmunity participatin, and learning in the prcess f ding it. The activities are meant t enable the cmmunity t steer itself and guide the prject implementers int develping cmmunity planning and infrmatin prcessing capacity.
6 2 Cmmunity-Based Watershed Management Summary f Activities The prject activities that were undertaken during this perid were cnducted within the parameters f the planning prcess that is guiding the verall prject, the CBWM framewrk basic cncepts. These activities are described belw: (1) Infrmatin gathering and diagnsis. Data gathering cntinued fr the infrmatin data bank that includes biphysical, scial and ecnmic infrmatin. The diagnsis f the reginal (Billings Reservir Basin) and the lcal (Ri Grande Arm) watershed were cmpleted in rder t establish the basis fr the definitin f envirnmentally sensitive areas (ESAs). The data cllectin and rganising f all aspects related t land tenure in the area were initialised, with the implementatin f the available legal prcesses and ntarial infrmatin, generating the initial databank f land wnership. (2) Planning fr the Frmulatin f the CBWM framewrk. Specific CBWM strategies fr the next stages f the prject were planned at strategic planning meetings in which actins and results were discussed and evaluated. (3) Pilt Prject 1. The first phase f the upgrading plan fr the settlement in the watershed prtectin area Parque Represa Billings Três (an illegal subdivisin) was cmpleted and presented t the cmmunity. This represents the first step tward implementatin f CBWM methds. (4) Training in CBWM. Training was prvided t Brazilian participants in the areas f gender and yuth participatin and hypermedia data rganisatin. The verarching bjectives f gender and yuth participatin training were t enable the participants t: a) Enhance and deepen a cmmn understanding f key cncepts and issues f cmmunity building and its relatinship with gender and envirnmental dimensins; b) Learn-by-ding a few participatry methds abut hw t assess, strengthen, and enhance cmmunity capacity fr effective and sustainable participatin; and c) Discuss and becme aware f critical lessns, principles and elements f ther prjects related t the issues using case studies. The wrkshp bjectives were t reflect, frm the CBWM prject perspective, hw t incrprate the cncepts f gender and participatin fr citizenry and yuth as key public plicy challenges that shuld take int accunt the scial diversity and lcal rganizatin f the prject area.
7 2000 Narrative Reprt 3 The training n hypermedia technlgy was develped t help the Brazilian team in the final stages f establishing the ESA methdlgy by enhancing their skills in using the data cllected mre effectively fr planning bjectives. Cmments n Activities 1. Infrmatin Cllectin and Diagnsis Infrmatin cllectin and diagnsis has been an nging activity, but there have been difficulties invlved in data gathering, as well as technical difficulties in the use f GIS sftware by the Brazilian team. After the cmpletin f Stage 1 f Infrmatin Cllectin (an evaluatin f the Billings Reservir Basin) there was an evaluatin that was crucial t establishing a framewrk fr the detailed watershed assessment. This invlved reginal evaluatin f the water resurces in the Billings Reservir basin, including water and land resurces, mapping f land uses that significantly affect water resurces management. Stage 2 invlved a detailed envirnmental assessment f the Ri Grande Arm Watershed that included an assessment f the drinking water supply and strage area. The bjective f this evaluatin was t determine what resurces were available and the land uses that were influencing the quality and quantity f water. The biphysical cnditins in the watershed, the histric changes in land use, water utilisatin, urban grwth, and envirnmental cnditins were the majr cmpnents f this evaluatin. The pllutin lading assessment and water balance assessment were als part f this task. One f the bjectives was t establish the basis fr a water prtectin strategy plan, which will include a buffer zne, drainage and infiltratin assessments, a preliminary strmwater management plan, a human waste management strategy, and an envirnmental framewrk fr determining urban settlement pssibilities within the watershed. The infrmatin system at this stage cntains an evaluatin f envirnmentally sensitive areas (ESAs), an assessment f past and current trends in land use and urbanisatin, and an evaluatin f land use activities that are taking place in a sensitive envirnment. This data cnstitutes the basis fr the discussins abut preventative planning actins (cnservatin) and the identificatin f areas where rehabilitatin wrk must be cnsidered a pririty. Due t the difficulties in data gathering by the Brazilian team, this phase is being finalised. Once cmpleted, this assessment will be a pwerful tl fr analysing ptential suitable land uses, as well as facilitating the establishment f land ccupatin guidelines, bth f which are critical cmpnents f the CBWM framewrk.
8 4 Cmmunity-Based Watershed Management 2. Frmulatin f the CBWM Framewrk Develpment f the CBWM strategies invlves frmulating a cmprehensive framewrk with a fcus n land use issues, cmmunity participatin, and gender issues. The varius cmpnents f the planning prcess fr the watershed need t be cnsistent and need t be analysed t generate a knwledge base that will infrm the CBWM framewrk n a cntinuus basis. T that effect, structured strategic planning exercises n the CBWM have been cnducted peridically (see Annex 4). In additin t secndary data cllectin invlving land use and tenure issues, ther infrmatin cllected includes: wmen s living cnditins, residents ral histries (memry dcumentatin), yuth expectatins, and incme-generating alternatives. The infrmatin cllected thus far has riented decisins regarding what alternative interventins wuld be mst apprpriate. This infrmatin cntinues t be discussed in depth as part f the nging interactin between the cmmunity and the prject team. Parallel t this develpment, the Canadian team has intrduced extensive research f internatinal experiences relevant t the Sant André and Brazilian cntext. This data increases the infrmatin pl available t peple invlved in the prject in varius capacities, and is available n the prject Web site (www.ubc.ca/brazil). 3. Pilt Prject 1 The first stage f Pilt Prject 1 activities are being implemented and have invlved specific prgrams related t the design and peratinal needs f the prject. The wrk is being develped within majr areas that cmprise regularisatin f land tenure, sustainable land use, infrastructure, envirnmental educatin, gender and sci-ecnmic issues. Sme f the fllwing activities started befre April 2000, but they have cntinued ver the perid f this reprt:! Cntinuing envirnmental educatin activities in Parque Andreense, including the fllwing prgrams: Huse-t-huse envirnmental educatin: This invlves distributin f infrmative material with instructins n the prper use f the watersheds (including infrmatin n legal restrictins), the ptential risks f water cntaminatin, and the prper use and destinatin f dmestic sewage and slid waste.
9 2000 Narrative Reprt 5 Husehld examinatins f specific water cntaminatin prblems: These visits include infrmatin distributin as well as technical assistance by the teams frm SEMASA (fr example, infrmatin n the cnstructin f septic tanks). Schlteacher educatin prgrams: This is basically a training fr trainers prgram that invlves theretical and practical training mdules n themes like land use, health, envirnment, water, sewage, emplyment, and incme generatin.! Technical assistance in tenure regularisatin and technical advice fr building (identificatin f land tenure, existing subdivisins, legal plts, pssible relcatins due t risky lcatin, etc.).! Mnitring and cntrl f new ccupatins! Streets and rad access maintenance! Ptable water access implementatin f selected investments in tube-wells (pçs)! Garbage cllectin! Redesign f parcelament (existing subdivisin): Detailed assessments have been cnducted f existing plts and new land ccupatin plans. These are the initial steps t address the definitin f alternative places fr husehld relcatin, which will entail negtiatins with develpers and land wners and cnsequently the tenure regularizatin plan. These plans will als have t be negtiated and accepted by the respnsible levels f gvernment (municipal and state).! Explratin f innvative urban design and landscaping. Based n wrk by UBC s Landscape and Liveable Envirnments grup, the lcal team is develping a range f pssibilities t adapt methdlgies f sustainable design and landscaping guidelines. The cst imprvements (small investments in drainage, pavement, landscaping, alternative subdivisins, imprvements in lcal transprtatin etc.) will help prevent eclgical damage t the watershed. T that end, a wrkshp will be cnducted next May with the participatin f residents and graduate students frm the University f Sã Paul. The wrkshp will explre pssible areas within Parque Andreense fr applicatin f the methdlgy.! Negtiatins with the State Educatin Secretariat are in place t expand the First Level Schl t a High Schl. The PP1-GEPAM team is develping suggestins fr the new schl s design.! Meetings are nging between all the teams that are wrking in the Pilt area t infrm and discuss the bjectives and scpe f the Pilt. They will als discuss the links between the prject with their specific respnsibilities (fr example, teams frm the Participatry Budget Advisry Cmmittee talking t teams frm the Public Health Secretariat, etc.) This has resulted in a clse c-peratin f the teams wrking n cmmunity participatin in the municipality and the prject c-rdinatin.! Field surveys have been cnducted t btain relevant data fr gender, incme and emplyment strategies. These are being evaluated t determine whether additinal infrmatin will be required.
10 6 Cmmunity-Based Watershed Management! Participatin has been encuraged frm the residents f Gleba 2 (a neighburing subdivisin), wh have been demnstrated interest in the PP 1. This has been happening thrugh the frmal invitatin f cmmunity leaders frm Gleba 2 t participate in all meetings referring t PP1.! Incme-generating alternatives cntinue t be explred with the cmmunity, alng with fllw-up and mnitring f initiatives already in place, such as minhcári -wrms creatin, a sewing c-p, etc. 4. Training Initiatives Wrkshp n Gender and Yuth Participatin This wrkshp, held in Sant André in August-September 2000, was a successful intrductin t the key gender and yuth issues that apply t this prject. Fr sme f the participants, this was the first time that they were expsed t these cncepts. Fr thers wh were mre knwledgeable abut the cncepts (either experientially r cnceptually), it prvided an pprtunity t think abut hw they culd be applied t the CBWM pilt prject. Yuth participatin was nt riginally part f the prject, but was identified by the Brazilian partners as an area that needed t be strengthened. The Canadian partners acknwledged this fcus area by develping a presentatin that addressed this issue, which reflects the respnsive nature f the prject and the ability t change and evlve t meet strategic needs. An area that was identified in the cmmunity wrkshp as nt being addressed as well is the senirs ppulatin in the cmmunities affected by CBWM -- senirs representing these cmmunities brught this up several times as an area that requires fcus. The wrkshp was successful in large part due t the significant amunt f cmmunity develpment wrk that has been dne in the CBWM cmmunities by the Sant André Wmen s Office, Yuth Office and Public Participatin Nucleus. The surveys and prgrams cnducted by these ffices have laid a fundatin f trust in the cmmunities by develping tangible prjects (i.e., the Wmen s Sewing Cperative) and prgrams (i.e., the Certificate Authrisatin Prgram and the Yuth Prgram) that address the immediate needs f the residents. Therefre, participatin is nt an abstract cncept in this prject, but an integral part f the prcess, which has resulted in a high degree f perceived wnership f the CBWM prject by thse mst affected. This was reflected in the active participatin f the cmmunity leadership in the first tw days f the wrkshp and the cmmunity members in the last day. In additin, there is a generally pen and respectful relatinship between the cmmunity residents and the Sant André and SEMASA fficials.
11 2000 Narrative Reprt 7 The Yuth Office f Sant André has been strngly supprting the rle f Parque Andreense yuths in the CBWM prject. The invlvement f yung peple in this initiative is crucial t build psitive changes that are sustainable ver the lng term, as well as fr the empwerment f the cmmunity as a whle. Results This prject ffers immense pprtunities t refcus the nature f water resurce management and cmmunity invlvement in this issue. It is beneficial that gender and yuth related issues have been identified in this prject, as it is imprtant t integrate the cncerns f residents in the cmmunities affected by the prject. Equally as imprtant is the manner in which the municipality has apprached this prject based n a cmmitment t partnership with the cmmunities and the Canadian partners. The fact that the partnerships have led t a mre dynamic and respnsive prject is a credit t hw it has been cnceived and executed. One f the majr respnsibilities f the Brazilian-Canadian partnership is t prvide the Parque Andreense yuths with educatinal pprtunities in watershed management and envirnmental stewardship f their cmmunity. This respnsibility wrks in cnjunctin with many f the cultural and educatinal activities that the Yuth Office is currently undertaking. Staff at the Yuth Office understand that the lng-term fcus f the CBWM Prject is t invlve peple in the prcess f cmmunity develpment as stewards f the envirnment, with sci-ecnmic, biphysical and institutinal cnsideratins in the planning prcess. Thrugh its participatin in the CBWM Prject, the Yuth Office maintains the fllwing general bjective: T prvide the yuths access t the activities, actins and prjects realized by the Yuth Office in Parque Andreense, in the perspective f Yuth Prtagnism, guaranteeing the characteristic f belnging t the municipality thrugh the cnstructin f Andreense identity, having as central elements bth educatin and the decentralizatin f specific plicies in relatin t the envirnment and the exercise f citizenship. The basic fundatins upn which this fcus will ultimately be built in the yuth cmmunity are self-esteem and cultural validatin. The Yuth Office engages yung peple in Sant André thrugh activities that recgnise the need fr yuth t develp a sci-cultural and plitical identity. The activities encurage identity develpment by prviding pprtunities fr the yuth t cllectively explre art, dance and ther frms f self-expressin. A main bjective f every activity is educatin. In Parque Andreense, the schl is the centre f reference frm which the activities take place. Until nw, the schl was the nly identified safe space in which the yuths culd gather and be active; therefre, the prject has identified it as its majr fcus fr planned
12 8 Cmmunity-Based Watershed Management activities with yuth. This acknwledgement f the schl s imprtance fr the cmmunity is ne f the majr incentives fr having it expanded t encmpass a high schl prgram. The teams are jintly creating a framewrk fr cmmunity-based watershed management, which invlves prmting a cmprehensive assessment (envirnmental, scial, and ecnmic) fr the watershed ccupatin thrugh participatry prcesses. These are decisive factrs fr determining the gals and bjectives, as well as the implementatin mechanisms. During the curse prject wrk, a number f challenges have been identified. An imprtant area that needs t be addressed is the implementatin c-rdinatin cmpnent in Sant André. There are a large number f gvernment agencies invlved in this prject with different fcuses and agendas. There is a Mnitring Cmmittee fcused n c-rdinatin, but the structure f that cmmittee des nt fster effective leadership as the cmmittee members represent their respective agencies, nt the CBWM prject as a whle. Given the cmplexity f the prject and the multifaceted agenda, it wuld be prductive t have a field activities manager t rganize the day-t-day activities and negtiate amng the varius agencies invlved. This wuld facilitate the implementatin f actins and activities that merge different agencies mandates. Anther area that culd imprved is the participatin f yuth. Althugh the Gender, Yuth and Participatin Wrkshp was a successful cmmunity event, there culd be imprvements t the number f yuth and their engagement in events. Finding ways f integrating them meaningfully in the prject requires the explratin f new methdlgies. It is imprtant t fster the persnal cmmitment f members f the cmmunity in prject wrk. Cmmunity-based watershed management is nly pssible when cmmunity members cllectively identify their persnal health and well being as being inseparable frm the health f their lcal envirnment, and are then in a psitin t wrk tgether fr cmmunity health. Stewardship and activism cannt take place unless individuals are mtivated. A pressing need t address unexpected demand frm neighburing cmmunities was identified recently. Thse cmmunities that are nt benefiting directly frm PP1 at this pint shuld be ffered the pprtunities fr cmmunity integratin and c-peratin. The prject shuld acknwledge that raising awareness abut the CBWM prject within the Parque Andreense yuth cmmunity is undubtedly a lng-term prcess that can nly ccur in small steps. The challenge f gaining supprt fr yuth invlvement in the initiative, bth frm adult cmmunity members and ther sectrs f the prject, ges hand in hand with that f wrking directly with yung peple. One key rle f each sectr is t cmmunicate that yuth participatin is paramunt t facilitating the success f this prject. The yung peple can then
13 2000 Narrative Reprt 9 make the transitin t adulthd with a strnger capacity t build and expand n the cmmunity health prgrams that participants in the CBWM prject are currently initiating. Thrugh a strategic planning prcess, an understanding has been reached amng the varius stakehlders n the prject s lng-term bjectives. The majr gal utlined in this strategic plan is t rganise activities, respnsibilities and relatinships amng the different parts f the CBWM prcess in rder t build a trusting and respectful relatinship between all participants. The evlutin and cntinuus reshaping f prject activities is a reflectin f the cnstant adaptatin t the needs f the partnership, with a gal f maximizing results at all levels. The cnceptual framewrk f the prject requires nging feedback, and entails cntinuus evaluatin f infrmatin, inputs and activities. As the prject prgresses, it is imprtant nt nly t fcus n recent events, but als t revisit the cumulative lessns learned in rder t have a clear summary f the achievements t date. These achievements are as fllws: A Institutinal Relatinships Develping partnerships: The nature f partnership has develped as a cllabrative exercise, with strng a sense f alliance twards the prject gals and bjectives. Understanding cmmn gals: There is a clear, cmmn understanding f the prblem, and a shared understanding f the cmplexity f the issues invlved Dealing with cnflict: The existence f institutinal cnflict has been recgnised and acknwledged, and dealt with in a transparent way. Recgnising institutinal cmplexity: There is shared recgnitin f the cmplexity f shifting rles and rules f several f the cllabrating agencies. Facilitating dialgue: A series f steps have been discussed fr increasing the participatin and facilitating new dialgue between all prject participants and stakehlders. B The Planning Framewrk Onging planning: Emphasis has been put n planning n an nging basis. Mnitring results: Agreement has been reached t mnitr different levels f practical results and knwledge generatin. Increasing replicability: Effrts are underway t increase replicability and disseminatin f lessns, and t link t plicy and institutinal changes Integrating scial ecnmic, biphysical, and institutinal elements: There has been a shift away frm reliance n legalistic Master Plan methds cmmnly used
14 10 Cmmunity-Based Watershed Management Organising activities: Activities shuld encmpass substantive planning (land use, physical, sci-ecnmic) and strategies fr implementatin (financing, regulatin, educatin, management). Understanding the CD-ROM as a supprt t the planning prcess: The CD-ROM acts as a cre planning tl arund which rganisatin and disseminatin f infrmatin can take place. C Technical Innvatin Experimentatin with innvatins: Several technical tls have been explred (e.g. innvative urban design, hypermedia CD-ROM, gender framewrk, cnflict management techniques) in rder t find the mst effective nes fr the prject. Acknwledging unanticipated cnsequences: The CD-ROM has becme a pwerful tl fr cllecting supprt beynd the prject s physical bundaries. Develping an infrmal settlement upgrading apprach: The apprach integrates envirnmental with physical, sci-ecnmic, and institutinal issues, and is respnsive t lcal characteristics. The Centre fr Human Settlements is wrking twards bradening the knwledge f the Brazilian partners abut gender, citizenship, and envirnmental issues applicable t the Sant André cntext. The Brazilian partners have indicated that, in spite f wrking n gender issues and citizenship rights, there is a lack f emphasis n envirnmental and vlunteerism issues. S, the transfer f knwledge and skills t ther grups and individuals is an nging prcess fr the CHS team. The incrpratin f gender analysis int the learn-by-ding pilt prject represents a firm cmmitment t filling in the gap in the existing plicy gender apprach. In additin, it is essential t deal with new ways t integrate yuth mre effectively int the CBWM planning prcess, which requires gathering data abut similar prjects in Canada and elsewhere. In cnclusin, this was a fruitful perid fr develping linkages between the Canadian and Brazilian teams. Prject partners and invited specialists participated in several successful jint wrkshps and training events.
15 APPENDIX 1 Training Wrkshp
17 Training Wrkshp OBJECTIVES: T reflect, frm the CBWM Prject perspective, upn the incrpratin f the cncepts gender, yuth and cmmunity participatin - as challenges fr the expansin f public plicies reflecting n scial diversity and lcal rganizatin. Wrkshp Frmat The wrkshp was develped as an intrductin t key gender and yuth issues that apply t this prject. Based n these bjectives, a three-day wrkshp (see attached Agenda) was designed with the Brazilian partners. It incrprated pprtunities fr engagement by varius prject participants. The wrkshp was cnducted in three parts: 1. Apprximately 80 peple attended a ne-day wrkshp fr all the CBWM prject partners. Attendees included municipal, reginal, and SEMASA fficials such as the municipal secretaries, directrs, managers and teams directly invlved in the prject s implementatin, the CBWM C-rdinating Cmmittee, and cmmunity leaders (with representatin frm wmen and men, yuth and senirs). The key cncepts and a cnceptual analytical framewrk fr gender and yuth analysis were utlined, prviding tls fr appraches t the CBWM pilt prject planning. Representatives frm the CIDA-funded prject in Ri de Janeir, Health Prmtin in Actin als participated. Apprximately 80 peple attended. The mrning sessins were devted t an analysis f the CBWM achievements t date and the presentatin f data cllected in the pilt prject area by teams frm the Sant André Wmen s Office, Yuth Office and Public Participatin Nucleus. The afternn was devted t a presentatin f key cncepts n gender with an exercise n fixing the cncepts by Penny Gurstein, as well as a presentatin n yuth and participatin by a SCARP master s student ding her thesis wrk in this area, Sally Rss. Experiences invlving gender, yuth and cmmunity participatin frm the Ri de Janeir prject and Canada were discussed. 2. A half-day wrkshp n the implementatin strategies fr scial and ecnmic develpment in the pilt prject identified prpsals fr future plans. Apprximately thirty participants attended frm the implementatin teams f the municipality and SEMASA, the mnitring cmmittee, and cmmunity leaders. A senir fficial frm SEMASA, Jã Rbert Rcha, led the grup thrugh a strategic exercise t identify issues and implementatin strategies t address the issues. This exercise was nt cmplete in the time alltted and anther time was designated in September t cntinue the prcess initiated here. 3. A ne-day wrkshp fr the cmmunity prvided an pprtunity t integrate gender and envirnmental analysis int cmmunity building and incme generatin. Apprximately 200
18 14 Cmmunity-Based Watershed Management participants came frm the Parque Andreense cmmunities and leadership (including wmen, men, yuth and senirs), the mnitring cmmittee and teams respnsible fr crdinatin and implementatin f the CBWM Prject. Of particular nte was the large cntingent f yuth frm the cmmunities, reflecting their interest in the prject. This was als a credit t the significant cmmunity develpment wrk cnducted by the Sant André Yuth Office prir t the wrkshp. In the mrning, key peple wrking n the prject explained the CBWM Prject t the cmmunity. After this explanatin, there was an exhibitin f the prject s activities and achievements. The wrkshp cncluded with breakut grups wh were asked t develp skits that illustrated their understanding f the prject, hw they might get invlved, and what the impediments were t their invlvement. These skits were then presented t all f the participants. 4. Yuth and the Wrkshp: The grup f yuths that assembled fr the first day f the seminar had the pleasure f watching a sl theatre perfrmance by ne f the Sant André yuths, a yung female perfrmer wh made a humrus scene interacting with peple gathering fr the event. It was later learned that sme f the adults present did nt knw that this character was nly an act, which made the event mre interesting! There were very few yuths frm Parque Andreense present fr the first day f the seminar. Althugh the tpic f yuth was theretically ne f the main fcuses f the event, due t difficulties in the timing and the develpment f the seminar, the needs f the yung peple were nt adequately cnsidered. Hwever, it is imprtant that fr the first time yuth were fficially intrduced as partners in this CBWM Prject. Methdlgies f inclusin and participatin will be wrked ut in time, as the Yuth Office and ther partners in the Prject gain an understanding fr the yuth prfile in Parque Andreense and hear frm the yuth specifically abut hw they feel they can best participate. During the secnd day f the seminar, ne Parque Andreense yuth participated and the representatives frm the Yuth Office acted mainly as bservers t the ther aspects f the Prject under discussin. The third day in Dallanense Parque was clearly the mst significant when cnsidered frm a yuth perspective. Many yung peple frm Parque Andreense had the pprtunity t participate n this day, as there was transprtatin fr them. The mrning presentatins resulted in many f the yuths withdrawing t the cafeteria, but the rtating activities that tk place fllwing the panel presentatins were much mre interesting fr many f them. These latter activities were visual and smewhat interactive, and they were therefre mre engaging fr the yung peple. The early afternn theatre activity was undubtedly the mst memrable aspect f the Seminar fr the yuths that participated. They were divided between thse wh had taken part in ne r mre